Glossery of Syptoms and Mental Illness Affecting Teenagers

Glossery of Syptoms and Mental Illness Affecting Teenagers

Mental Illness  – Being a teenager is not easy. Teens feel all kinds of pressure to do well in school, to be popular with their peers, to obtain parental consent, to make the team, be cool. In addition, many teens have other special problems. For example, you may worry about a parent who is going out of business or the family’s financial problems.

Teenagers may be hurting or confused by the divorce of their parents, or they may have to learn how to live with a parent alcohol addiction or mental illness. Despite these pressures, it is important to remember that most adolescents develop into healthy adults.

Unfortunately, put some teens serious emotional problems that require professional help. Developed this lexicon of brief definitions to help teens and parents and teachers and others learn more about mental illness, symptoms, mental health issues that affect teenagers.
Please remember: all the problems mentioned in the glossary that are treatable and some can be prevented. In each case, whenever a teenager gets help, the better.

Alcohol and drug abuse

Use and abuse of drugs and alcohol to teenagers is very common and can have serious consequences. In the age group 15-24 years old, 50% mortality (accidents, homicide and suicide) involve the abuse of alcohol or drugs. Drug and alcohol abuse also contributes to physical and sexual abuse, such as rapes or assaults. Include possible stages of adolescent experience with drug and alcohol abstinence (not used) and experimentation and regular use (leisure, compensatory for other problems), abuse and dependence.

Frequent and regular recreational use can lead to other problems such as anxiety and depression. Some teens regularly use drugs or alcohol to compensate for anxiety, depression, lack of positive social skills. Teen use of tobacco and alcohol should not be underestimated as it can be “a gateway drug to other drugs (marijuana, cocaine, LSD, inhalants and heroin). An intriguing mix of teenagers and risk taking behaviour and social pressures make it very difficult to say no. This leads most teenagers questions: “will hurt to try one?”

Can a teenager with a family history of alcohol or drug abuse, lack of social skills pro-move quickly from experimentation for patterns of serious abuse or dependence. May offer some other teenagers with no family history of abuse also experience abuse or dependence. Therefore, there is a good chance that “nobody” will hurt you. Highly recommended especially adolescents with family history of alcohol or drugs, abstain and not experiment. No one can predict the course who will abuse or become dependent on drugs not to tell other user will start.

Warning signs of alcohol or drug abuse, adolescent girls may include the following:

  • Decline in school performance,
  • Changing groups of friends,
  • Deviant behavior, and
  • Further deterioration in family relations.

There may also be physical signs such as red eyes, persistent cough, and change in eating and sleeping habits. Dependence on alcohol or drugs may include power outages and withdrawal symptoms, and more performance problems at home or school, or work.

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa occurs when the teenager refused to maintain body weight at or above a minimum normal weight for age and height. Weight loss is usually self-imposed, and is usually less than 85% expected weight. The condition occurs most frequently in females, however, it can occur in males.

In General, the teenager had great fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight. Self assessment of body weight and shape may be distorted, there may be a denial of potential health risks caused by low body weight.

Physical symptoms can include:

  • In the absence of regular menstrual cycles
  • Dry skin
  • Pulse rate is low, and
  • Low blood pressure
  • Usually such behavioural changes occur:
  • Social withdrawal
  • Irritability
  • Vex;
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Untreated, the disorder can become chronic and severe hunger, some adolescents may die.


Anxiety is fear in anticipation of further risk or problems accompanied by intensive unpleasant feeling (dysphoria) or physical symptoms. Anxiety is not uncommon in children and adolescents. As concerns among children:

Separation anxiety disorder: excessive anxiety about separation from home or from those who feel connected to the child. Young has put excessive anxiety to the point of being undecided or refused to go to school, being alone, or sleeping alone. And recurrent nightmares may occur and complaints of physical symptoms (such as headaches or stomach aches or nausea or vomiting).

Generalized anxiety disorder: excessive anxiety and worry about events or activities such as school. The child or adolescent is difficult to control the worry. There may also be restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep difficulties.
Panic disorder: repeated presence of unexpected panic attacks and continuing fears of an attack. Panic attack refers to a sudden intense fear or fear or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom.

There may also be a shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, sensations of choking or smothering, fear of going crazy or losing control.
Phobias: fears and irrational for a specific object, activity, or situation (such as flying, heights, animals, receiving an injection, seeing blood). These severe concerns caused the child or adolescent to avoid the object or activity, or situation.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is usually first diagnosed during primary school years. In some cases the symptoms persist into adolescence. A teenager with the deficit/hyperactivity “attention deficit disorder” has problems with attention and concentration and/or excessive and reckless behavior. Despite good intentions, a teenager may be unable to hear well, organizing work, and follow the instructions. It may be hard to cooperate in sports and games. Can cause acting before thinking about problems with parents, teachers and friends. These teens may be restless, irritable and unable to sit still.

Deficit/hyperactivity “disorder” attention occurs more commonly in children, symptoms are always present before the age of seven. Problems associated with ADHD appear in multiple areas of life, and can be very annoying teen, family, people at school. ADHD symptoms often become less severe during late adolescence and young adulthood.

Bipolar disorder (manic depression)

Bipolar disorder type of mood disorder with marked changes in mood between extreme elation or happiness and depression. The glee periods called mania. During this phase, the expansive mood or irritable teenager, can become overly agitated, and can get by with very little or no sleep, involved in many projects and activities, and hindered.

You may indulge teenage risk behaviours, such as sexual promiscuity and antisocial behaviour. Some adolescents have developed manic psychotic symptoms phase (resonant of delusions and hallucinations). For a description of the stage of depression see depression. Bipolar disorder usually occurs before the age of 30 years and the first may develop during adolescence.

Bulimia nervosa (bulimia)

Bulimia nervosa occurs when adolescents have repeated bouts of overeating and purging. It features immersion by eating large amounts of food in a separate period. The teen was also feeling the inability to stop eating and losing control of the amount of food eaten. Usually, after binge eating, they try to prevent overweight self-induced vomiting, using laxatives, diuretics, enemas, medications, fasting, or excessive exercise. Teen self confidence that heavily influenced by body shape and weight.

Serious health problems can occur with bulimia nervosa (rupture of the esophagus or stomach, arrhythmias, renal failure, seizures). Other common psychological problems such as depression, intense moods, and low self esteem. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the outcome and reduce the risk of worsening depression, shame, and weight fluctuations.

Conduct disorder

Teenager suffering from recurrent and persistent pattern of behavior disorder of behavior that were violating the rights of others, or violate the standards or rules appropriate to their age. Her demeanor is more serious than ordinary mischief and pranks for kids and teens.

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Serious difficulties at home, at school and in the community are common, and often very early sexual activity. Self confidence is usually low, although adolescents may imagine image “durability.” adolescents suffer from this disorder also described as “pervert” or “antisocial.” it may be some teenagers with behavioural disorder also symptoms of other mental disorders (see ADHD, depression, alcohol and drug use).


Although the term “depression” to describe the human feelings, it also can refer to a psychological disorder. Depression in children and adolescents include a set of symptoms that have been around for at least two weeks.

In addition to the feelings of grief and/or irritability, depressive illness include many of the following:

Change of appetite with great weight loss either (when not dieting) or weight gain

Change in sleep patterns (such as problems sleeping, waking up in the middle of the night, early morning awakening, or sleeping too much)

  • Loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed
  • Loss of energy, fatigue, feeling slowed down without any
  • And why, “scorched” guilt and blame self for things that are not wrong one
  • Lack of concentration and frequency
  • Feeling of hopelessness and helplessness

Repeated I thought about death and suicide, wishing to die, or attempted suicide in children and adolescents with depression may also be symptoms of irritability, anger and boredom. They may have physical complaints are vague and non-specific (stomach pain, headaches, etc.). There is an increase in the incidence of depression in children of parents with the great depression.

Learning disorders

Learning disorders occur when the child or adolescent for reading or math, or writing skills considerably less than that expected for age, education and level of intelligence. Select nearly 5 per cent students in public schools in the United States as a learning disorder.

Students with learning disorders can become so frustrated with her performance in school to adolescence may feel like a failure and want to drop out of school or may develop behavioral problems. Special test always wanted make diagnosing learning disorder and develop appropriate therapeutic interventions. Learning should identify disorders as early as possible during the school years.

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Adolescents with OCD have obsessions and/or motivation. Recurrent ideas indicates obsession, motivations, or images that are intrusive and cause intense anxiety or distress. Repetitive behaviors and motivations to suggest rituals (such as hand washing, hoarding, ordering, checking) or mental acts (like counting, repeating words silently, avoiding). Obsessions and compulsions significantly interfere too teen usual routine, and academic performance, the usual social activities or relationships.

Physical abuse

Physical abuse occurs when a person responsible for a child or adolescent care causes bodily injury or harm to the child. Examples include child abuse: hitting with an object, kicking, burning, Burns, punching, threatened or attacked with weapons. Children and adolescents who have been abused may suffer from depression, anxiety, lower themselves, inability to build trust relationships, alcohol and drug abuse, and poor learning and behavioral disorder.

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Turbulence can occur when a teenager faces an unexpected shock occurred, which is outside the scope of normal human experience. Usually the maximum shock so it can overwhelm the coping mechanisms and create intense feelings of fear and despair.

Has experienced a traumatic event individual directly (for example, physical or sexual abuse, abuse, rapes, abductions, death threatened), observation (see shock to someone else), or by learning about shock affecting the relative or friend. Whether putting teenagers disturbance depends on a combination of previous history, and the severity of a traumatic event, the amount of exposure.

Symptoms include:

  • Recurrent and intrusive and painful memories of the event
    Recurrent, distressing dreams of the event.
  • Acting or feeling as if the traumatic event were recurring
    Severe psychological distress when exposed to recall the traumatic event and the consequent avoid these stimuli.
  • Public response of numbing (detachment, estrangement from others, diminishing interest in significant activities)
    Persistent symptoms of increased arousal (irritability, sleep disturbances, poor concentration, hyper-vigilance and anxiety).
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Psychotic disorders include severe mental disorders that are characterized by extreme weakness of a person’s ability to think clearly and respond emotionally, and communicate effectively, understand the reality and act appropriately. Psychotic symptoms can be seen in adolescents with serious mental illnesses, such as depression, bipolar disorder (manic depression), schizophrenia, and some forms of drug and alcohol abuse. Psychotic symptoms interfere with anyone working on a daily basis and can be debilitating. Psychotic symptoms include delusions and hallucinations.

Illusion: false or weird or unusual or fixed firmly believed the patient’s estate. Usually belief is not accepted by other members of the person’s culture or subculture. And there are paranoid delusions (others conspire against it) and grandiose delusions (exaggerated ideas of importance or identity) and somatic delusions (believing that a healthy person has a terminal illness).

Hallucination: perception (seeing, hearing, feeling, smell) in the absence of an external stimulus. For example, with hallucinations auditory, hear the person voices when no one is talking.


A psychotic disorder characterized by severe problems with a person’s thoughts, feelings and behavior and use words and language. Psychotic symptoms often include delusions or hallucinations. These delusions in schizophrenia often paranoid and persecutory in nature.

Auditory hallucinations usually voices might include speaking in the third person, as well as to each other, a commentary on the acts and procedures to the patient. Schizophrenia does not mean “personal.” most people schizophrenia before 30 years of age with some after the first episode in the teenage years.

Sexual abuse

Teen sexual abuse occurs when using teenagers to saturation of adult sexual needs or desires. Severity can range from sexual assault of foreplay for forced rapes. Include sexual abuse girls most commonly: arousal and foreplay, genital contact, masturbation, vaginal intercourse, oral or rectal.

Might be abused boys sexually through foreplay, mutual masturbation, fellatio and intercourse anus. Teens who may have been sexually abused may also suffer from depression, anxiety, confusion, feeling of hopelessness, and the value of learning disabilities, destructive behaviors.


Suicide is the third leading cause of death (behind the murders and accidents) for teenagers. Each year more than 5,000 American teens commit suicide. Includes warning signs and risk factors associated with teen suicide: depression and previous suicide attempts and recent losses, frequent thought about death and the use of drugs or alcohol.

Teenager may also be planning to commit suicide like verbal hints “nothing matters” or “won’t be a problem for you anymore.” and may also abandon their favorite possessions or become joy suddenly after a long period of grief.

Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal TIC. Bumpy is sudden and rapid movement of some muscles in the body that occurs repeatedly, and serves no purpose. The location and frequency and complexity of tics changes over time. Motor tics often involve head, body, legs and arms.

They may lead a simple movements such as eye blinking, or more complex movements such as touching and squatting. Vocal tics can include sounds like grunts, barks, sniffs, snorts and coughs, curses. Always diagnosed Tourette Syndrome by age-most commonly appearing around seven years old.

Occurs more often in males than females, the symptoms normally present for life. Distress in Tourette varies greatly over time, but improvement can occur during late adolescence and into adulthood. Adolescents with Tourette often have additional problems with obsessions and compulsions, hyperactivity, distractibility and impulsivity.

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