Criminal Law Information

According to the criminal code and offences against the social order. In common law jurisdictions, there is a legal fiction that crimes disturb the peace. Officials, as agents of sovereignty, responsible for the prosecution of offenders. Thus, the criminal law is sovereign “plaintiff”, which translates to the King or the people who practice it.

The main goal of the criminal law is deterrence and punishment, while civil law is the individual. Criminal offences consist of distinct elements; the physical Act (actus reus, guilty act) and the requisite mental state which is made law (mens rea, guilty). For example, in homicide ‘ actus reus is the unlawful killing one person, while ‘ Rea’s insistence (intent to kill or cause serious harm). The criminal law also details the defenses that defendants may reduce or eliminate their liability (criminal liability) and specifies the punishment which may be inflicted. The criminal law does not require a victim, nor the consent of the victim, prosecuting the offender. Moreover, a criminal trial can occur despite the objections of the victim and the victim’s consent is not a defense in most crimes.

Criminal law in most jurisdictions both common and civil law tradition is divided into two fields:

* A criminal organized process for addressing violations of criminal law.

* Details of substantive criminal law defines and punishments for various crimes.

Criminal law distinguishes crimes from civil wrongs such as tort or breach of contract. The criminal law has been seen as a system to regulate the conduct of individuals and groups regarding societal norms at large whereas civil law aims primarily to the relationship between individuals and their rights and obligations under the law. Although many ancient legal systems do not specify clearly the distinction between criminal and civil law, in England, there was little difference until the codification of criminal law occurred in the late 19th century. In most law schools in the United States, and basic course in criminal law is based on English common criminal law 1750 (with some minor adjustments of America such as clarifying criminal intent in criminal law model).

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Two kinds of criminal law: arrests and searches, drug crimes, juvenile law, drunk driving/DUI/DWI, parole, probation, pardons, violent crimes, white collar crimes, military law.

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